Amendments to EPA’s Risk Management Program (RMP) Regulation and the Role of Third-Party Audits

The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) implemented significant amendments to its Risk Management Program (RMP) Regulation in efforts to enhance the safety and security of facilities that handle hazardous materials. One crucial aspect of these amendments involves the inclusion of third-party audits as a means to ensure compliance and mitigate risks effectively. This blog aims to highlight the significance of hiring a third-party auditor in light of the RMP Regulation amendments.

Implemented under Section 112(r) of the Clean Air Act, the RMP requires covered facilities, such as chemical manufacturing plants, refineries, and water/wastewater treatment facilities, to develop and implement a comprehensive prevention program. The program is aimed at identifying and addressing potential risks, conducting hazard assessments, and outlining measures to prevent releases or mitigate their consequences.

The EPA’s recent amendments to the RMP focus primarily on compliance audit requirements. In essence, these revisions intend to bolster the effectiveness of the prevention program by enhancing transparency, accountability, and the sharing of information. The key provisions of these amendments focus on expanding the types of facilities covered under the RMP Regulation, enhancing the accident prevention program, augmenting emergency response requirements, and improving the information sharing between facilities and local communities.


What are the Amendments?

Third-Party Compliance Audits:  Under the revised regulation, facilities will be required to engage a third-party auditor to conduct independent compliance audits once every three years. This move aims to ensure objectivity, integrity, and impartiality in the audit process, eliminating any potential conflicts of interest between auditors and facility operators.

Comprehensive Documentation:  Facilities must maintain documentation of the implementation and completion of the compliance audits, including the audit reports and associated corrective actions. These records serve to demonstrate a facility’s commitment to regulatory compliance and will be subject to review during inspections or assessments.

Corrective Action Program:  The amendments emphasize the importance of corrective actions to address any deficiencies or areas of non-compliance identified during the audits. Facilities will be required to promptly implement these corrective actions and maintain documented evidence of their completion. These actions contribute to continuous improvement and help prevent future incidents.


The Role of Third-Party Audits

With these amendments to the EPA’s RMP Regulation, hiring a third-party auditor has become an essential step for facilities dealing with hazardous materials. A third-party audit brings objectivity, compliance verification, identification of gaps and best practices, risk mitigation, and enhanced credibility to an organization’s risk management program. Employing certified third-party auditors will effectively assess and improve compliance with the RMP Regulation, thus ensuring the safety, security, and well-being of both facility workers and surrounding communities.  Third-party audits serve as crucial mechanisms to evaluate and validate a facility’s safety and security practices under the RMP Regulation.

a) Objectivity and Independence: Third-party auditors provide a fresh perspective during assessments, ensuring a more unbiased evaluation of a facility’s RMP compliance. Their independence guarantees an impartial assessment free from internal biases that may exist within the facility.

b) Compliance Verification: Third-party audits help verify and validate an organization’s adherence to regulatory requirements. By employing certified auditors who possess considerable knowledge and experience in RMP compliance, facilities can gain confidence in their risk management practices.

c) Identification of Gaps and Best Practices: The expertise of third-party auditors enables them to identify potential gaps in a facility’s RMP implementation and recommend specific improvements. Furthermore, auditors can share insights and best practices from their wider experiences with similar facilities, helping organizations enhance their overall risk management strategies.

d) Risk Mitigation: Third-party auditors facilitate risk identification and mitigation by conducting comprehensive risk assessments, evaluating safety systems, and suggesting appropriate measures. Their audits help pinpoint potential hazards, vulnerabilities, and risks that might otherwise go unnoticed, reducing the occurrence of accidents or incidents.

e) Enhanced Credibility and Transparency: Third-party audit reports provide a crucial layer of credibility to a facility’s risk management practices. Such reports can be shared with regulatory agencies, insurance providers, and local communities, demonstrating the facility’s commitment to safety and security.


IFO Group auditors have extensive experience in providing third-party independent process safety assessments and PSM audits to clients with diverse and complex operations.  Contact us at or at 832-403-2135 to discuss third-party auditing services as it relates to your facility’s safety and security practices under the amended RMP Regulation.

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